Urinary tract infections(UTI) in children.
What makes up the Urinary tract?
The urinary tract extends from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder and the urethra.
What are the causes of urinary tract infections in children?
Urinary tract infection (UTI) can be caused by bacteria. UTI are commoner in children with congenital abnormalities of the urinary tracts resulting from blocked or deformed organs which may even cause a reflux or backflow of urine being excreted by the kidneys.
What are the symptoms of UTI?
A child with UTI can complain of fever, pain in the abdomen or flank, urgency on urination and vomiting. In newborns, symptoms are not specific but may resemble that of general systemic infections such as failure to thrive, mild yellowness of the body and mild fever. In toddlers, some children may not show any symptoms but have feelings of not feeling well, whereas, in children above 3 years, a better picture can present itself such as enumerated above. There may also be blood in the urine.
How does the victim know that he has UTI?
Diagnosis can be had by examining the urine in the laboratory and doing the culture and sensitivity which will show the incriminated organisms, sensitivity will show the medications that should be used to treat the ailment.
How is UTI treated?
Fluid intake should be increased. Incriminated antibiotics should be prescribed and used to ameliorate the symptoms if there any.
What is the outcome of the treatment for UTI?
The outcome of the treatment of UTI is good.